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Petru Maior

  The scholar Petru Maior (1760-1821) is considered one of the outstanding personalities of the Enlightenment trend of the Transylvania. His work include with history, philosophy, linguistics, Christian morals, secular and religious education. Maior was a clergyman himself.
  Petru Maior was born in Tîrgu-Mureş as son of the archpriest Gheorghe Maior who, in his turn, was the son of a small noble from Tarnaveni.
  After attending primary school at Capusul de Campie where his father the archbishop of Iclod, he studied at the roman-catholic secondary school of Tîrgu-Mureş between 1769-1772, the high-school in Blaj between 1772-1774, from 1774 the “De Propaganda Fide” College in Rome and then, between 1779-1780 he attended the theology courses of the “Sancta Barbara” University of Vienna, one of the outstanding Enlightenment centres of Europe.
  For a quarter of a century, between 1785-1809, as archpriest of Reghin, Petru Maior supported, in his ecclesiastical quality, the Romanian church and school, preparing the greatest part of his work.
  Between 1790-1791 he joined the national political trend preparing and supporting the “Supplex libellus valachorum” charta (1791), being one of its authors.
  Beginning with 1809, as a censor of the Romanian section of the Romanian printing house of the University of Buda, and until his death (February 14, 1821), Petru Maior had the most fertile period of his life, when most of his works were published.
  The most important work of Petru Maior is “The History for the Beginning of the Romanians in Dacia” (1812), work with a scientific content but having social and political goals too; the author proves the ancient character, the roman origin and the continuity of the Romanian people in present day Romania.
  Five volumes of sermons and Christian teachings were also published, followed by his reference work “The History of the Church of the Romanians” (1813). Important are also the scholar's contributions in the field of Romanian language since they complete and support the ideas in his historical work and open new horizons for future philological research.
  The impact of his historical approach was remarkable, winning the respect of his enemies and stirring the enthusiasm of the new generation of intellectuals who prepared and accomplished the Revolution of 1848. The great scholars of all the Romanian-speaking areas were trained and worked under the sign of his ideas.
  Choosing Maior's name as our patronymic is an acknowledgement of his spiritual accomplishments as well as a pleading for the permanence of the great ideas of the Enlightenment.

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The map of Tîrgu-Mureş (downtown)

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The CityHall
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The Palace of Culture
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The Teleki Library
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Sighisoara
Last update: 21-Oct-2013 Copyright © "Petru Maior" University of Tîrgu-Mureş